1491 - Henry VIII, King of England. He is famous for his six wives, with their fates remembered in divorces, beheading, and survival.
1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Painter
1703 - John Wesley, founder of Methodism
1712 - Jean Jacques Rousseau, Social Philosopher
1902 - Richard Rodgers, Composer (The Rodgers-Hammerstein is considered the greatest musical partnership including The Sound of Music, Oklahoma, Carousel, South Pacific, and more hits.)
1926 - Mel Brooks, Comedian, Actor, and Director
1948 - Kathy Bates, Actress
1966 - John Cusack, Actor
1966 - Mary Stuart Masterson, Actress
1914 - The Archduke of Austria, Franz Ferdinand, and his wife, Sophia, are killed in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip. The beginning of WWI in Sarajevo. The archduke was relatively unpopular in Bosnia, Herzegovina, which had been annexed by Austria-hungary in 1908. This displeased the large Serbian community who wantaed to be unified with Serbia. When Archduke Franz Ferdinand visited this day in 1914, a plan was hatched to assassinate him.